Persian cat Coat Colors and Patterns

Persian cat Coat Colors and Patterns

Persian cat Coat Colors and Patterns are the main identifiers of them. Therefore, it is so important to have enough knowledge about the Coat Colors and Patterns of the Persian cats that you want to identify. Persian cats cans have a wide variety of colors include white, red, cream, black, brown, blue-gray, chocolate, lilac, silver, golden, tortoiseshell, blue-cream, calico, and seal (usually a mix of cream and brown/black), etc.


By careful breeding programs and the introduction of new breeds from all over the world a lot of different coat colors and patterns have been made in the modern-day Persian cats.


In order to diagnose these differences and varieties, it is needed to understand the terms used to describe them. At first, our research team makes a complete guide for you to distinct between color and pattern.

A. Persian cat Coat Colors

Now let’s have a look at the various colors that create Persian cats. It is important to consider that most of these colors can be either solid or in a tabby pattern or part of a bicolor combination. There are usually some differences between different professional Persian cat associations regarding color definitions and terminology. Different breeds of Persian cats can also have different terms for similar colors.


  1. White Persian cat

White Persian cat

The white color is the only color that is always solid without any underlying tabby markings. There are several genetic varieties of Persian cats with solid white color pattern, some of them create an all-over solid white Persian cat; others can create bicolor or tricolor cats.


  1. Black Persian cat

Black Persian cat

The solid black is always desired in breeding programs. However, Black Persian cats sometimes have underlying tabby markings. It is so interesting that by exposing to sunshine, some black coats develop a rusty tinge in the Persian cat patterns. In the colorpoint pattern of Persian cats, the black gene is observed as dark brown and is sometimes called seal-point.


  1. Red Persian cat

Red Persian cat

Red which is sometimes referred to as orange and ginger is the professional term for the coat color of Persian cats. The gene for red color is related to their gender, because of that the red cats are usually males. This color is almost connected with the tabby pattern, so achieving to a true solid red is really hard. In the colorpoint pattern, red is always known as flame-point.



  1. Blue Persian cat

Blue Persian cat

The blue color which is almost a deep bluish-gray is a dilute type of black. Some breeds are more observed with this color, but it can be seen in many breeds or mixed-breed Persian cats.


  1. Cream Persian cat

Cream Persian cat

The cream color is a dilute type of the red. The cream color in combination with the blue, it can create dilute calicos and tortoiseshells pattern among Persian cats.


  1. Brown Persian cat

Brown Persian cat

Solid brown cats are somehow rare. Among Persian cat breeds, brown variations are also called chocolate. Lavender/Lilac – Lilac or Lavender are also interchangeable names for a shade of light gray-brown with pink overtones in the Persian cats. In the colorpoint pattern, lilac is often known as frost- point, too.


B. Persian cat Coat Patterns


Persian cat Coat Patterns have a lot of variety. Persian cats Breeders who raise them for competitions have divided the Persian patterns into seven devisions. Our research team also introduce you these devisions to know what type of Persian cat pattern you’re adopting or purchasing.

Patterns are mixing of colors in a specific design and Persian cats have many coat colors and patterns. There are seven basic varieties for Persian cat coat patterns:Solid Division, Silver also known as Chinchillas & Golden Division, Shaded & Smoke Division, Tabby or Exotic Division, Particolor or Tortoiseshell Division, Calico & Bicolor Division and Himalayan also known as Color point Longhair Division.


  1. Solid Division Persian cat

Solid Division Persian cat

Solid Division is the easiest one to recognize implies that the Persian cat has a single and uniform coat color. The solid division shows just one uniform color which is distributed all over the Persian cat body. In is really surprising that sometimes in the Persian cat kittens, a secondary color displays in some solid colors. However, by growing up, the odd hairs disappear in the Persian cat matures and the Persian cat becomes solid colored all over her body. If any spot of another color appear on the Persian cat coat, it is no longer considered as a solid Persian cat. Here are some photos of Persian cats with solid coat colors:




  1. Silver also known as Chinchillas & Golden Division Persian cat

Silver also known as Chinchillas & Golden Division Persian cat

Persian cats in Silver also known as Chinchillas & Golden Division have either chinchilla (sparkling white with fine black tips) coats or shaded silver and golden coats. Golden Persian cats have a warm, creamy coat with black tips, and silver ones often have black down the back with even shading down the sides.

Some Persian cats’ coats show quite unique “special effects,” created by a change from light color to dark color along the shaft of each hair. The lighter shade is usually white or cream and the darker include various colors.

Chinchilla or Tipped coats in the Persian cats appear when only the tips of the Persian cats fur are dark. This coat pattern has almost white, with an all over silvery shimmer. This is sometimes known as “Shell.”


  1. Shaded & Smoke Division Persian cat

Shaded & Smoke Division Persian cat

Shaded Persian cats tend to have shell and shaded-cameo coats, sometimes with a white undercoat and tips which are red, cream, black, or blue-cream. Smoke Persian cats display a solid colored coat, but close observation reveals a white undercoat.

In the Smoked Persian cat coat pattern, most of the fur is dark, with a light undercoat that appears when the Persian cat is moving.

In the Shaded Persian cat coat pattern, roughly half of the fur is light and half is dark.


  1. Tabby or Exotic Division Persian cat

Tabby or Exotic Division Persian cat

Tabby or Exotic Division is the most common coat pattern in the wild and it has four varieties: striped (Mackerel), blotched (marbled), spotted, and ticked (agouti). Tabby Persian cats have either classic, mackerel, or patched tabby patterns.

Classic tabbies have a bull’s eye pattern along the side, and mackerel tabbies have thin lines that appear drawn on around the entire body. Possibly the oldest type of Persian is the brown tabby.

Here are some pictures of some tabby Persian cats:


  1. Particolor or Tortoiseshell Division Persian cat

Particolor or Tortoiseshell Division Persian cat

Particolor or Tortoiseshell Division includes Persian cats that have tortoiseshell, chocolate tortoiseshell, blue-cream, and lilac-cream coats. These coats tend to be a solid color (usually black or cream) with patches of red.

Tortoiseshell pattern of Persian cats consists of orange and black mixture (or their diluted versions of cream and blue) creating this unique coat pattern. By a mix of black and orange, this coat pattern (like the tricolor) can be observed almost exclusively in females. Tortoiseshell males are rare and probably always sterile.

Torties is a favorite abbreviation which can also show an underlying tabby pattern. This is sometimes known as “torbie.”



  1. Calico & Bicolor Division Persian cat

Calico & Bicolor Division Persian cat

Calico & Bicolor Division Includes calico patterns and dual-colored coats involved in this division.

The calico pattern of Persian cats include white, black and red (orange) colors, or their diluted types of cream and blue. Basically, the ratio between white and color specifies the number and distribution of the patches of the other two colors. Where there is little white, the other two colors will be inter-mixed – a pattern that can also be known as a “tortoiseshell and white.” By increasing the amount of white color, the patches of red and black become more clearly displayed which is referred to calico.


The term bicolor refers to a Persian cat coat pattern of white and one other color. The other color can be a solid or display a tabby pattern. The Bicolor pattern is usual among mixed breed Persian cats but it is also observed in many other breeds. The term Harlequin is sometimes used to express a Persian cat with a mostly white coat pattern. Van is the term for an unique variation, in which the Persian cat is mostly white, with some patches of color only appear on the head and tail of the Persian cat coat. When a bicolor Persian cat is mostly colored, the patches of white have names of where they are locating such as locket (chest), mittens (paws) and buttons (patches on the abdomen). A black Persian cat with white paws, belly and sometimes face, is often known as “Tuxedo”.



  1. Himalayan Persian cat also known as Colorpoint Longhair Division

Himalayan Persian cat also known as Colorpoint Longhair Division

Himalayan Persian cats also known as Colorpoint Longhair Division tend to have white or cream bodies with point colors limited to the face and extremities.

In the Colorpoint Longhair Division of Persian cats, the face, paws and tail (tips/points) have a darker color than the rest of the body. This pattern is actually related to the temperature. It means that the darker color almost appear in the cooler parts of the Persian cat body. The contrast between the points and the main body has a different variety, but identifying of this pattern is always the easiest one. The points may have different colors and shades, such as dark brown (seal), red (flame), blue, and lilac. In fact, in some Persian cat breeds, the points can be in a tricolor pattern or in a tabby pattern in any of these colors. Tabby colorpoints are sometimes referred to as “lynx”


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