Persian cat diseases – Feline herpesvirus ( FHV )
& Calicivirus ( FCV ) infection
Some years ago, one of my friends came to my home and asked me to take care of her cat for some days. I thought she wanted to have a trip. But, in my surprise, she just told me that she caught a cold and afraid of transferring it to her persian cat.
I made a lot of effort to deceive her Persian cats just can catch a cold from each other not from a human. However she had not believe me and just taught I was making excuse to refuse keeping her persian cat.
After that a worse event had happened. My friend returned home and gave an acetaminophen to cat to prevent her from catching cold. It had really a bad outcome; her persian cat was died because acetaminophen made a deadly poison in her blood and caused her to die.
After this unpleasant event, once I want to describe about the persian cat diseases mention to the below points:
- Persian cat can catch cold from humans?
- acetaminophen is a deadly for persian cats?
- Persian cats just catch cold from each other not the humans.
- acetaminophen is a deadly poison for persian cats.
Now we want to improve your knowledge about the most common viruses which cause the upper respiratory infection in the persian cats:
1. Feline herpesvirus ( FHV ) infection
A. Clinical symptoms
The most important clinical symptoms of Feline herpesvirus ( FHV ) include conjunctivitis, ocular discharge, sneezing, nasal discharge, salivation, fever and sometimes couphing, tearing and inflamed from one or both eyes, development of multiple small branching corneal ulcers called dendritic keratitis, nasal congestion.
B. Transmitted ways
The Feline herpesvirus ( FHV ) is readily transmitted between cats through direct contact with salvia, ocular or nasal secretions, inhalation of sneeze droplets and sharing of food bowls and litter trays.
- Vaccination is the first and the most important prevention way of Feline herpesvirus ( FHV ). It does not necessarily prevent infection with FHV however it can greatly reduce the severity of symptoms. Two or three injections are needed for persian cat kittens with 8 weeks age and a booster for persian cats around 1 year. The vaccination shall be repeated every 1 – 3 years.
- According to the transmitted ways of Feline herpesvirus ( FHV ), it is important to isolate your persian cats if they are near other cats showing clinical signs. For example, you have to prepare separate feeding bowls, litter trays or implements, etc. Also, careful hand washing and using separate apron can reduce the risk factors.
Feline herpesvirus ( FHV ) duration is about 2 or 4 weeks.
2. Feline Calicivirus ( FCV ) infection
A. Clinical symptoms
Feline Calicivirus (FCV) attacks lungs and nasal passages of mouth and tongue and also the intestines and muscles system. So, it causes the persian cats to loss their appetite, having eye and nasal discharge, suffering from fever and bleeding from various sites, having ulcers on tongue, hard palate, tip of nose, lips or around claws. Pneumonia and difficult breathing are also appeared after development of the disease. The persian cats may also feel pain once walking.
B. Transmitted ways
Persian cats commonly acquire Feline Calicivirus (FCV) by contacting with other infected cats such as in a shelter, cattery, or boarding facility. If your cat has a lowered immune response due to pre-existing infections, the probability of acquiring this virus is higher.
Although it is frequently advised that proper vaccination against Feline Calicivirus (FCV) can prevent getting this virus, however, unlike Feline herpesvirus (FHV), vaccinations have failed to decrease the prevalence of the disease. So, the best way is to make sure about healthiness of other cats that are in contact with yours.
Feline Calicivirus (FCV) duration is about 1 or 2 weeks.
If the Persian cats suffer from Feline herpesvirus ( FHV ) & Calicivirus ( FCV ) infection, a full nursing care and supportive treatment is necessary for them.
At this time, the persian cats are not able to smell food well. So, they refuse to eat anything which causes them become weaker. You have to use gently warmed tinned or sachet foods and fluids to motivate them to eat.
Warm steam therapy may help them, too. To do this, you have to prepare a warm bath and put the persian cat in it for about 15 minutes.
If the persian cat eyes are infected or stuck in which the persian cats are not able to open them, you can use a warm and wet bowel to clean their eyes slowly.
For diagnosing the persian cat problem you have to visit the doctor. In some cases, using antibiotics and antiviral drugs for infections and eye problems is enough. Some drugs like Famciclovir or idoxuridine can reduce the symptoms. Although anti-viral drugs are not available for FCV.
It must be taken into consideration that in the most severe cases of herpesvirus (FHV) & Calicivirus (FCV) infection, the persian cats shall be hospitalized. So, avoid self-treatment of your Persian cats and convey them to the nearest veterinary center at the earliest.
Persian cat diseases - Expert Rating